Eye Movement (Tracking) Problems

Oculomotor Dysfunction, also known as an eye-tracking problem, occurs when there is a developmental delay or neurological event that interferes with the brain’s ability to effectively coordinate the eyes to fixate, follow, and move from spot to spot with accuracy and efficient control. This condition can affect many aspects of daily life but commonly affects reading, handwriting, attention, and athletic performance.

Around each eye are six extraocular muscles that work together in a sophisticated manner to accurately control eye movements. When these muscles improperly coordinate together, several visual problems can occur, commonly affecting the ability to follow a moving object smoothly (pursuits dysfunction) and the ability to accurately shift the eyes from one point to another (saccadic dysfunction). These Oculomotor Dysfunctions can affect almost every aspect of a person’s life.

In order to understand school work properly, as in reading or copying, the eyes must move smoothly and quickly from word to word. Only a slight error in tracking can cause confusion in reading if words are skipped or reread. If the child only reads 3 out of 4 words correctly, or even 9 out of 10 words correctly, then reading comprehension drops off quickly.

When a person has an eye-tracking disorder known as an Oculomotor Dysfunction, text often looks like this. Words will move or jump around on a page. Oculomotor Dysfunction occurs when there is a developmental delay or neurological event that interferes with the brain’s ability to effectively coordinate the eyes to fixate, follow, and move from spot to spot with accuracy and efficient control. This condition can affect many aspects of daily life but commonly affects reading, handwriting, attention, and athletic performance.Around each eye are six extraocular muscles that work together in a sophisticated manner to accurately control eye movements. When these muscles improperly coordinate together, several visual problems can occur that commonly affect fixation – the ability to maintain steady directing of the eyes on the target/object, Smooth Pursuits – the ability to follow a moving object smoothly and accurately, and Saccades – the eyes’ ability to jump from spot to spot accurately.Oculomotor Dysfunction is a relatively common visual condition that can affect individuals of all ages, usually due to a developmental delay or a result of a concussion (mTBI) or more serious traumatic brain injury (TBI). Without treatment, those with this condition typically develop or rely on compensatory techniques, such as using a finger as a marker while reading.CLICK THE LINK TO LEARN MOREhttps://wowvision.net/oculomotor-dysfunction/

Posted by Wow Vision Therapy on Friday, December 13, 2019


Other complications include: 

  • Poor reading skills
  • Slow reading speed
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • The need to use a finger while reading
  • Coordination or clumsiness
  • Poor sports
  • Poor attention and concentration 
  • Disorientation
  • Motion sickness

Treatment is straightforward. There are some misconceptions that doing basic eye exercises can correct eye-tracking problems. However, clinical trial research shows that home-based treatment models, even with occasional office-monitoring visits, are ineffective. Once diagnosed and treated, our patients experience improved handwriting abilities, reading with greater efficiency and ease, and the confidence of approaching those everyday challenges without the frustration of poor tracking skills.